Obtaining credit is normally unavoidable during life. Examples of well known types of credit are:
Credit & Store Cards
Hire Purchase Deals
For the majority of people the largest, single most important purchase they will ever make, is buying a home – and this usually involves obtaining a mortgage. A mortgage is a debt owed to a lender that has agreed to offer the applicant credit, using property as security.
A mortgage is a loan which will be repaid over a specified period of time. This means that a lender will make checks on the application to ensure that the level of debt, length of time the loan will be repaid, and that the person applying has shown that they are good with money and will do everything in their power to repay what they have borrowed.
To obtain a mortgage and to show the commitment to repaying the loan, the buyer usually has to provide a set amount of money, known as a deposit.
The status of the applicant and the type of property being purchased usually dictates the minimum amount that a mortgage lender will require as a deposit. Adverts show that new build developers normally require smaller amounts for property purchases, and that first time buyers, who are university graduates, will get more favourable rates than other applicants. However, any final decision may be based on your credit report, which is held at credit reference agencies.
Regardless of the kind of credit applied for, ALL lenders will make a credit agency check to ensure that your credit score hits at least their minimum requirements. This is the quickest and simplest way for a lender to confirm that you are the type of customer they are trying to attract.
It may not seem obvious, but someone who has no credit history can often find it just as difficult to obtain credit as someone who has a bad credit history. This is because lenders won’t have any historical proof to evaluate as to whether the applicant can repay any credit they obtain.
All credit application contracts contain terms and conditions. One condition which is normally included as standard, is that “if you don’t keep up repayments, the secured asset will be at risk”. So in the case of a mortgage – if you do not keep up your monthly mortgage payments, the bank may apply for repossession to enable them to sell the property in order to recoup their money.